Raw, unheated cannabis contains mostly CBDA and THCA. They are in an “acid form” and not available at THC or CBD to the body.
I’ll list three methods that can be used at home. Before you start you should decarb most or all of the plant material (unless you want to include some THCA and/or CBDA in the tincture).
The slow method:
Mix your flower or extract in a mason jar with high-proof alcohol (such as Everclear)
How much CBD or hemp oil should you take? Nobody really knows. There are standard doses for people using the prescription form of CBD called Epidiolex to treat seizures, and these doses are very high. Most people taking CBD for anxiety and chronic pain take much lower doses.
If you are making your own CBD oil you can tailor your blends of terpenes to include terpenes that are activating for morning use and terpenes that are sedating for evening use.
All cannabis (including marijuana and hemp) is now considered botanically to be Cannabis sativa. Differences between strains are largely due to different combinations of cannabinoids and terpenes (and possibly other substances).
I ordered an ounce of “Heavy Lifter” CBD flower from Starseed Botanicals a few weeks ago and they were out. Instead of letting me know this, they “upgraded” me to their Lifter Private Reserve (PR). When I looked over the lab tests I saw that Lifter PR had 11% CBD – a little over half of the CBD content of the Heavy Lifter
A 2019 study has found that CBD’s effect may not be restricted to it’s effect on the endocannabinoid system. CBD also acts on receptors that bind the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT1A) that is involved in anxiety and on receptors that bind vanilloid (TRPV1) that is involved in pain.
Law enforcement has field tests for marijuana that can’t distinguish CBD hemp flower from marijuana. If you live in a place where marijuana is illegal and CBD flower is legal you should take care with your hemp flower.